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Maria Montessori

The Founder of Montessori Education
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What May be Different?

Montessori Method:

1.  Emphasis is on cognitive and social development
2.  Teacher has unobtrusive role in classroom
3.  Environment and method encourage self-discipline
4.  Mainly individual instruction
5.  Mixed age grouping (three year cycle)
6.  Grouping encourages children to teach and help each other
7.  Child chooses own work
8.  Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials
9.  Child works as long as he or she wishes on chosen project
10. Child sets own learning pace
11. Child spots own errors from feedback of material
12. Child reinforces own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of     success
13. Multi-sensory materials for physical exploration
14. Organized program for learning care of self, outdoor and indoor environments
15. Child can work where he or she chooses, move around and talk at will (yet not disturb the work of others); group work is voluntary
16. Organized program for parents to understand the Montessori philosophy and participate in the learning process


Traditional Method:

1.  Emphasis is on memorizing facts
2.  Teacher is center of classroom as "controller"
3.  Teacher is primary enforcer of discipline
4.  Group and individual instruction
5.  Same age grouping (one year cycle)
6.  Most teaching is done by the teacher
7.  Curriculum is structured for the child
8.  Child is guided to concepts by the teacher
9.  Child is generally allotted specific time for work
10. Instruction pace is usually set by group norm
11. If work is corrected, errors usually are pointed out by the teacher
12. Learning is reinforced externally by repetition and rewards (grades)
13. Fewer materials for sensory development
14. Less emphasis of self-care instruction and environmental issues
15. Child usually assigned own chair; encouraged to participate, sit still and listen during group sessions
16. Voluntary parent involvement

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